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Head of crozier (crosse) (Side 2)

Head of crozier (crosse) (Side 2)
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Side 2

Side 2

Side 1


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Baltimore, Walters Art Museum

Inv. 71.232


Height: 240mm
Width: 113mm (max)

Side 1: Crucifixion with the Virgin and saint John the Evangelist.
Side 2: Standing Virgin and Child (Vierge glorieuse); two angels holding candlesticks; Virgin holding a flower in her right hand; Christ seated on left arm; snake.
Foliated decoration: vine leaves.

Koechlin Number: 0761

Molinier 1890: France, 14th century.
Koechlin 1924: France, end of the 2nd quarter of the 14th century.
Calkins 1968: French, Paris, 14th century.
Randall 1985 and Museum's opinion 2010: French, 1340-1350.


Carved on both sides.

Object Condition
Missing: knop and shaft (late-19th century restorations).

This is the only crozier head carved with a wall of ivory between the two sides (Randall 1985).

Collection of Frédéric Spitzer, Paris: his sale, Paul Chevallier and Charles Mannheim, Paris, 17 April 1893, lot 127. Collection of Julius Campe, Hamburg (by 1900). Collection of Charles Mannheim: sale, 1910, lot 59. Collection of Raoul Heilbronner: his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 22-23 June 1921, lot 56; sold to Jacques Seligmann and sons. Bought in Paris by Henry Walters in 1923; Walter Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.

La Collection Spitzer (Paris, 1890), I, no. 92 (E. Molinier; illustration erroneously listed as no. 92 but depicting no. 91).
F. de Mely, 'La Collection Spitzer: les ivoires', in Revue de l'art chrétien (1890), p. 426.
Exposition Universelle de 1900, Catalogue illustré Officiel de l'Exposition Rétrospective de l'Art Français (Paris, 1900), no. 152 (Hamburg collection).
Dresden exhibition, 1906, no. 1425.
R. Koechlin, Les Ivoires gothiques français (Paris, 1924), II, no. 761.
R. G. Calkins, A Medieval Treasury: An Exhibition of Medieval Art from the Third to the Sixteenth Century, exhibition catalogue, White Museum of Art, Cornell University and M. W. Proctor Institute, Utica, 1968, no. 70.
R. H. Randall, Masterpieces of Ivory from the Walters Art Gallery (New York, 1985), no. 287.


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