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Head of crozier (crosse) (Side 2)

Head of crozier (crosse) (Side 2)
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Side 2

Side 1

Side 1

Side 2

Side 2


Side 1


Side 2


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London, Victoria and Albert Museum



Height: 245 mm
Width: 125 mm
Depth: 47 mm

Side 1: Standing Virgin and Child (Vierge glorieuse); Christ holding a fruit in his left hand; saint John the Baptist holding the Lamb of God (Agnus Dei); camel hide; unidentified bishop saint with mitre and crozier.
Side 2: Crucifixion with the Virgin and saint John the Evangelist; angels holding the sun and the moon. Kneeling angel supporting the volute. Tonsured monk kneeling; crozier. Musician angel playing the psaltery; angel blowing a trumpet.
Arches and pinnacles at the base of the volute. Foliated decoration. Coats of arms.

Koechlin Number: 0769

Griggs 1904-1907: France, 14th century.
Koechlin 1924: France, 2nd half of 14th century.
Longhurst 1929: France, 2nd half of the 14th century.
Williamson and Davies 2014: French (Lorraine), about 1330-1350.


Carved on both sides.

Object Condition
Side 1: front section of architectural base has cracked, sheared off and been repainted.
Lower part of volute broken in two.
Large diagonal crack runningbetween the backs of the kneeling angels. This was repaired by insertion of large pin, now concealed by two ivory plugs.
The coats of arms are partly defaced.
Missing: staff.

On the Craon family, see A. B. de Brousillion, La Maison de Craon, 1050-1480 (Paris, 1893), I, pp. 263-266.

Longhurst identifies the partly-defaced coats of arms on the staff as probably those of Jean de Craon, canon of Paris, archdeacon and later bishop of Le Mans (1347), archbishop of Rheims (1355) (d. 1374). Williamson and Davies propose, though unlikely, that it belonged to one of the abbots at Étival in the period c. 1330-1550, Dominique de Rambervilles (d. 1337), Albert De Onville (d. 1337), Thierry de Moulin (d. 1341), or Pierre Ier (d. 1356). In the Collection of Prince Petr Soltykoff, Paris: sale, Drouot, Paris, 8 April 1861, lot 201; bought by Baron Achille Seillère, Seillère Collection until 1890. Heckscher collection: sale, 4 May 1890, lot 188; Salting collection: Salting bequest to the Museum in 1910.

F. Séré and P. Lacroix, Le Moyen-Age et la Renaissance, 5 vols, (Paris, 1848-1861), V (1851), with reproductions.
A. Martin, 'Le Baton pastoral dans ses formes successives', in C. Cahier and A. Martin, Mélanges d'archéologie, d'histoire et de littérature 4 (Paris, 1856), pp. 248-49.
Abbé Barrault, A. Martin, Le Bâton pastoral. Etude archéologique (Paris, 1856), pl. XVIII, fig. 142.
C. Fontaine, Recueil des différents monuments du diocèse de Saint-Dié (Saint-Dié, 1875), pp. 15-16.
J. O. Westwood, Fictile Ivories in the South Kensington Museum (London, 1876), p. 414.
W. Griggs, Portfolio of Ivories [London, 1904-1907], pt. XX.
A. Maskell, Ivories (Connoisseurs Library), (London, 1905), p. 205.
R. Koechlin, Les Ivoires gothiques français (Paris, 1924), I, pp. 271-272, 274-275; II, no. 769; III, pl. CXXVII.
M. Longhurst, Catalogue of Carvings in Ivory, Victoria and Albert Museum, 2 vols (London, 1927 and 1929), II (1929), p. 35, pl. XXXIII.
P. Williamson and G. Davies, Medieval Ivory Carvings 1200-1550 (London, 2014), no. 150.


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