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Statuette (Back)

Statuette (Back)
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Hamburg, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe

Inv. 1893.199


Height: 116 mm
Width: 83 mm
Depth: 50 mm

Seated Virgin and Child (Sedes sapientiae); Christ seated on the Virgin's left knee; Christ in long robe; Christ making a blessing gesture with his right hand; Christ holding a stem of flowers; Christ seated frontally; Virgin trampling a lion under her left foot; Virgin trampling a monster under her right foot (winged dragon; basilisk); brooch; crown; cushion decorated with a diapered pattern.
Throne decorated with palmettes and arches.

Koechlin Number: 0005

Molinier 1890: France, 13th century.
Koechlin 1924: France, 1st quarter of the 13th century.
Hamman 1927 and Sauerländer 1971: Mosan or Rhenish.
New York 1970: Northern France, c. 1210.
Gaborit-Chopin 1978: Mosan or Rhenish, c. 1220.
London 1987: English or Norwegian (?), c. 1220-1240.
Detroit 1997: English or North German under English influence, c. 1210-1230.
Museum's opinion 2012: c. 1220-1230, Saxony or Rhenish-Mosan region.


Polychromy - Gilding
Extensive traces of polychromy and gilding.

Carved in the round.
Cavity in the back of the throne.

Object Condition
Missing: right hand of the Virgin (later replacement).
One hole pierced on either side of the cavity at the back of the throne.

Collection of Frédéric Spitzer, Paris: his sale, Chevallier and Mannheim, Paris, 17 April 1893, lot 72; given by Frau M. Gaiser in 1893 to the Museum.

La Collection Spitzer (Paris, 1890), I, no. 37 (E. Molinier).
J. Brinckmann, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe in Hamburg, Bericht für das Jahr 1893 (Hamburg, 1894), pp. 21-22.
A. Goldschmidt, 'Drei Elfenbeinmadonen', in Das Hamburgische Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe (Hamburg, 1902).
R. Koechlin, Histoire de l'art depuis les premiers temps chrétiens jusqu'à nos jours, ed. by A. Michel, II (Paris, 1906), p. 465.
O. Pelka, Elfenbein (Berlin, 1920), p. 169, fig. 111.
R. Koechlin, Les Ivoires gothiques français (Paris, 1924), I, p. 49; II, no. 5; III, pl. II.
A. Goldschmidt, Die Elfenbeinskulpturen aus der romanischen Zeit (Berlin, 1926), III, p. 37, no. 133, pl. XLVII.
R. Hamann, 'Die Salzwedeler Madonna', in Marburger Jahrbuch für Kunstwissenschaft, 3 (1927), pp. 77-146 (p. 87).
K. Huseler, Hamburgisches Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Bildführer (Hamburg, 1938), p. 12.
The Year 1200, A Centennial Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, exhibition catalogue, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970, no. 55, p. 48.
W. Sauerländer, 'The Year 1200, Exhibition Review', in The Art Bulletin, LIII, no. 4 (December 1971), p. 511.
D. Gaborit-Chopin, Ivoires du Moyen Age (Freiburg, 1978), no. and fig. 193.
D. Sandron, 'La Sculpture en ivoire au début du XIIIe siècle: d'un monde à l'autre', in Revue de l'Art, 102 (1993), pp. 48-59 (p. 48).
C. Little, 'Ivoires et art gothique', in Revue de l'art 46 (1979), pp. 58-67 (no. 9, pp. 59, 66).
Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Handbuch (Hamburg, 1981), p. 58, no. 106.
C. Klack-Eitzen, Die thronenden Madonnen des 13. Jh. in Westfalen (Bonn, 1985), p. 16, fig. 3.
N. K. Liebgott, Elfenben: fra Danmarks Middelalder (Copenhagen, 1985), pp. 42-43, fig. 33.
Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagenet England 1200-1400, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander and Paul Binski, exhibition catalogue, London, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1987, no. 248 (N. Stratford), p. 302.
M. Sauerländer, Exhibition Review of Age of Chivalry, in Burlington Magazine 130, no. 1019 (1988), p. 151.
R. H. Randall, The Golden Age of Ivory: Gothic Ivory Carvings in North American Collections (New York, 1993), p. 37, in relation to no. 7.
J. Luckhardt, F. Niehoff, Heinrich der Löwe und seine Zeit: Herrschaft und Repräsentation der Welfen, 1125-1235, exhibition catalogue, Braunschweig, Munich, 1995, no. G 115, pp. 619-621.
Images in Ivory. Precious Objects of the Gothic Age, ed. by Peter Barnet, exhibition catalogue, Detroit, The Detroit Institute of Arts, and Baltimore, The Walters Art Gallery, 1997, no. 1, pp. 116-117 (C. Little).
Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg, ed. by W. Hornbostel, J. Lessmann (Munich, London, New York, 2000), pp. 36-37 (B. Heitmann).
Otto IV. Traum vom welfischen Kaisertum, ed. by B. U. Hucker, S. Hahn, H.-J. Derda, A. W. Vetter, exhibition catalogue, Braunschweig, Braunschweigisches Landesmuseum, Dom St. Blasii, and Burg Dankwarderode, 8 August-8 November 2009, pp. 401-403, fig. 94.
KIK/IRPA database: http://www.kikirpa.be/www2/wwwopac/en/object.html [accessed October 2009].
Gotické Madony na lvu/ Gotische Löwenmadonnen. Splendor et Virtus Reginae Coeli, ed. by I. Hlobil and J. Hrbáčová, exhibition catalogue, Olomouc, Muzeum umění Olomouc and Leogang, Bergbau- & Gotikmuseum Leogang, 2014, no. 1, fig. 23, pp. 60-61 (J. Hrbáčová).


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